From William Cullen's Journal: June 29, 2017
The waiting is destroying me. There is nothing like it. It is so unfair. Yet I have accomplished so much, and come so far. I have done so much for our knowledge of the Celtic world. I have had the courage necessary to defy the established discourse on the ancient Celts and think my theories through to their logical, if astonishing, conclusions. The root of my difficulties come from the fact that my ideas are nothing short of revolutionary. Why must one such as I require the validation of the world? A moronic, unthinking, blind, dumb, deaf and fearful world that would not listen even if it could.
I’m going to take a few moments here, in this moment of doubt, to record my theories as I see them now. If I do get the job at Salem State, this will be a useful exercise because I’ll have a concrete record of my hypotheses before my first big break. When I look back, I’ll be able to see how much I’ve learned! And if I am rejected, if this experience crushes all my hope, then so much the better to have a record of my ideas before I was broken.
Have I not been punished enough for my bravery? The "experts" in the study of the ancient Celtic peoples and languages resist almost any innovation, let alone transformative ideas such as mine. Few of them spoke to me at academic conferences, unless they did not at that time know who I was. They whispered and snickered as I passed. They attended my presentations only to ridicule me, or laughingly convey to friends the barest bones of my ideas. Since my own ideas unsettle the very foundations upon which many of them have built their careers, I have largely been shunned. While they are competent in basics like Greek or Latin, most of the professors in my field understand only the accepted theoretical histories of the Celtic languages. It is a withering cadre of experts. Sadly, we have so few true masters of ancient languages, even of the celebrated and written languages such as Greek and Latin, let alone the non-alphabetic, pictographic, and runic languages, or the primarily oral such as Celtic.
So much of what we "know" about the Celts was recorded by the Romans. This dearth of pre-classical records has led many "experts" to presume that the key to understanding Celtic languages lies in the Roman and Greek authorities. Such a foolish, illogical assumption! Such a notion is as arbitrary as believing that the keys to understanding the Romans and Greek require us to find external validation through ancient Norse or some such nonsense. And these narrow, closed-minded "senior scholars," who do not have expertise in Celtic nor the methods necessary to understand the intricacies of pre-Celtic languages and religions, who have rested comfortably on foundations they have not lain themselves but inherited from medieval and renaissance thinkers, supposedly have the right and the ability to judge my work? They are unqualified to judge visionaries such as myself.
According to the theories developed and propagated in the 1980s, during the heyday of Fritz Strange and his contemporaries, the Celtic languages - such as the modern Irish, Welsh, and Breton, and the extinct Gaulish and Leptonic - share a common ancestor known as Proto-, or Common Celtic. Americans tend to think of the Celts inhabiting the British Isles, but Celtic cultures once spread across most of Europe. Continental Celtic culture first developed east of the Rhine during the Bronze age and spread westward into the British Isles with successive Celtic invasions. There, under the influence of indigenous cultures, these invaders developed into a distinct linguistic group called Insular Celtic languages. Continental or Insular, Celtic languages were largely oral. Indeed, based on his contact with the Celts during the Gallic Wars of 58-50 BCE Julius Caesar tells us that the Celts had no written language. Yet we know from burial sites that the Celts did possess at least some form of writing.
My own theories posit that the written evidence thought by most scholars to be evidence of the origins of the Insular Celtic languages actually register the convergence between the oral language of the invading Celts and a written language used by an elite caste of the indigenous peoples, whom were what we call the Druids. I concur with canonical knowledge that as the Celtic invaders encountered the indigenous peoples of the British Isles, the Celts did in some ways become the dominant common culture. However, my reading of ancient petroglyphs found at the archeological excavation site known as Seahenge leads me to believe that the priests of the invading Celtic religion was subverted and superseded by the indigenous druidic sect. Besides myself, no scholar has recognized that the petroglyphic record holds the keys to a secret pre-Celtic language. And within this language of the pre-Celtic druids the keys to rituals that communicate the dead the afterlife, as well as allow communication with the old Gods of the pre-Celtic peoples.
As most of the indigenous peoples were cleansed by Celtic invaders, either through death or intermarriage, the indigenous language of the pre-Celtic druids vanished from orality to be only present as a substrate within the Insular Celtic languages of Brittonic, Pictish, and Welsh. As a written language held secret by the druid caste, the language moved in a reverse invasion westward with the ascending power of the druid caste among the Celts. Thus, when we talk about the fragments of Celtic written language present at Continental and Insular burial cities, we are actually studying a sign system that is indigenous to the British Isles and pre-dates the origins of the Proto-Celtic oral language.
I believe that this druidic written language originated no later than Neolithic Britain in the 4th millennium BC. The pre-Celtic peoples were hunter-gatherers, and their priestly caste were the Druids. When Celtic agricultural peoples invaded the islands, they conquered these hunter-gatherers. However, the Celts were overawed by the druidic caste, their power, their secret communication with the Gods, and their ability to increase fertility in plant, animal, and human through blood ritual. Once the Druids infiltrated Celtic invaders of the British Isles, their power spread westward to Europe, becoming an exclusive, secretive non-Celtic priestly caste that ruled the Celts.
This written language, which I have dubbed Albu from the ancient Irish Celtic name for the British Isles, was essentially a funerary language. It recorded the methods and language employed during funeral rites. These rites ensured the migration of the soul to the afterlife. According to the druids, these rites also translated the energy of the body into energy the old Gods could consume. In return for the sacrifice of the dead, the old Gods guaranteed the fertility of the indigenous peoples on whose behalf these rites were performed. The Gillizenae of Ilse de Sein off Point du Raz may have been members of this druidic sect, as well as the Dryades. Beginning with Roman contact Northwest of the Alps in the first century BC, however, the druidic written language receded concurrently with the oral Celtic languages during the genocides of the Roman conquest and later Christian cultural conversion. The language may, along with Celtic, have become extinct with the fall of the Wales, the last stronghold of the Druids, in the 7th century.
My theories are grounded in the petroglyphs inscribed on the pottery shards unearthed during the 1998 excavation of what is now known as "Seahenge" in Norfolk County, England. Seahenge is a monument somewhat like the more famous Stonehenge, except that whereas Stonehenge consists of enormous stones that were transported to a field, Seahenge is made up of 56 split oak trunks, assembled in a circle, split sides facing inward, bark outward. Seahenge was a tremendous undertaking accomplished by a whole community using the most advanced bronze-age axes available at the time for clearly ritual purposes. At the time Seahenge was built in the second millennium BCE, it was on a marsh near the coast. Over time, however, it was filled in as trees grew in the area, then filled and covered with sand, and with rising sea levels in turn uncovered once again by tidal sand erosion.
And even if I cannot prove everything, that does not disprove anything!! My theories WORK! They explain everything when applied properly. The lack of hard evidence did not prevent the scientific communities of the early twentieth century from lauding Einstein as a genius, when even twenty-first century physicists are only uncovering hard evidence to support them. I need only time, and the funding to conduct further research. Really, I need to go to Seahenge and finish the work they started in 1998. But for now, I can do nothing. For now, I can only wait.